Government Shutdown (from wiki: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_shutdown)
“A federal government shutdown causes a large number of civilian
federal employees to be furloughed. Military personnel are not
furloughed, but may not be paid as scheduled.
The exact details of which government functions would stop during
a shutdown is determined by the Office of Management and Budget.
However, some specific aspects have applied to all shutdowns in the
past. Among these is the closure of national parks and passport
offices. "Emergency personnel" continue to be employed,
including the military, border agents, doctors and nurses working in
federal hospitals, and air traffic controllers. Members of Congress
continue to be paid, because their pay cannot be altered except by
direct law. Mail delivery is not affected as it is self-funded.”
Office of Management and Budget (from wiki:
“The Office of Management and Budget
(OMB) is the largest office within the Executive
Office of the President of the United States (EOP). The Director
of the OMB is a member of the President's
Cabinet. The main job of the OMB is to assist the President to
prepare the budget.
The OMB also measures the quality of agency programs, policies, and
procedures and to see if they comply with the President's policies.
The current OMB Director is Sylvia
On the '95 and '97 shutdown (
“According to Gingrich, positive impacts of the government
shutdown included the balanced-budget deal in 1997 and the first four
consecutive balanced budgets since the 1920s.“